Notebook Operating Systems – Windows Vs Linux

If you don’t own a Mac, then there are actually two major operating systems that you can install on your notebook and these are Windows and Linux. There are several advantages and disadvantages to using each, so we’ll begin exploring these right now:

Windows

One of the most popular operating systems to date, Windows has gained its fame by the ease of use it provides and hundreds of software solutions that are designed specifically for it.

Some of the advantages associated to using this OS can be that it is easy to learn as an operating system, being very user friendly, by far a lot easier to learn than Linux. Due to the popularity Windows has, there are quite a lot of software programs, utilities and games that can be used with it. Very good documentation about all aspects of the Windows OS is available, as well as books being published for each version that comes out.

Disadvantages to using Windows as an operating system can be, for starters, its price. A license can go anywhere from $50 to about $150 for a copy. Although it has advanced quite a bit over the years it can barely match the reliability of Linux, mainly because during long session the performance seems to go down, in which case a reboot is necessary.

The large majority of software programs, utilities and games that can be installed on Windows can be quite expensive in the long run. Some software programs licenses have price ranges in the thousands. There’s also a lot of integration of features that many people will never use which can have quite an impact on the overall system performance.

Windows is known today to be the most vulnerable operating system, being prone to almost every virus or Trojan attack.

Linux

Linux is a least popular operating system, mostly because it’s harder to learn than Windows, but it offers a higher level of control and security to the user.

Some of the advantages that come with using this operating system are mostly the costs that go with installing it. Virtually no cost can be associated with a Linux copy, since it’s created by users worldwide and distributed as an open source solution. It’s a stable operating system and no low performance issues can be related to it during long periods of continual use. It maintains high performance even on low end computers and can accommodate a very large number of users.

Linux is highly compatible with most common file formats and is known to be one of the most secure operating systems out there.

Since its open source, you can make constant modifications to the operating system to suit your needs accordingly.

Some of the downsides to using Linux come from the limited compatibility with many of the Windows programs, since if you want to run such programs you can do so under a complex emulator program and performance-wise, you can notice most programs working a lot slower than they would on Windows. Also, having more control over how the operating system works isn’t necessarily a good thing for most users since learning Linux can take a lot more than learning Windows.

There’s no Plug-and-Play, so getting a new device set up under Linux can be a lot trickier than when doing the same thing under Windows.

And lastly, there are so many editions of Linux out there that it’s hard to figure out which one works best for you, so it can get rather confusing at some point when having to choose which one to install.

If you are a tech nerd or a networking administrator, then Linux is definitely the way to go. But if you’re not into programming or any activity related to networking, hosting or whatnot, Windows can be quite a breeze if you know how to keep it virus-free.

Linux Operating System Operates Linux Server

An operating system refers to a set of programs and platforms that help run a computer. It is involved in managing the computer’s hardware and in executing different application software. Operating systems are a vital component in any computer operation.

Linux is a type of system that is similar to Unix. Since it is an system, it is meant to be installed in computers but can also be used for video game consoles, mainframes, and mobile phones. Linux is an example of open source software. It is available for free and source codes can be altered and redistributed.

The design of Linux is based on Unix systems. Majority of the design of Linux operating systems are based on the design principles of Unix OS released during the 1980s. Linux operating systems make use of a monolithic kernel also known as a Linux kernel. It is responsible for accessing the file system, networking, processing control, as well as peripheral access. Drivers for devices can be integrated into the kernel or added as a module.

When it comes to web servers, it is important to use a compatible operating system for your server. For Linux-based web servers, a Linux operating system is needed.

servers are primarily responsible for delivering a web page. Each web server has a domain name and an IP address. A computer can be transformed to a web server through web server software and an internet connection.

Web server software are usually Linux and Unix-based and Windows-based. Only Linux operating systems can be used for Linux hosting servers and the same applies for Windows and Unix operating systems.

Linux web servers are widely used today as there Linux is available for free. Aside from the operating system being available at no cost, Linux applications are also offered for free. Linux also provides stability and reliability. Linux servers also have a higher up-time compared to hosting servers based on Windows operating system.

If you are looking for a web server that is reliable but cost-effective as well, then you might definitely want to consider using Linux

Operating System Options and Installation Methods

An OS is installed on the computers’ hard disk, inside an area called hard disk partition. There are several ways for installing a new operating system. The installation method is based on the system hardware and end-user requirements. Generally, you have four basic options for the installation of a new operating system:

Clean Installation

We can perform a clean installation on a new computer or in those cases where there is no upgrade path between the current operating system and the new one. This type of installation deletes all data on the hard disks partition where the current operating system is installed. A new PC requires, of course a clean installation. You can also do a clean install when the current operating system installation has corrupted files or does not work properly.

Upgrade Installation

Sometimes, it is also possible to perform an upgrade. When you perform an upgrade, OS configuration settings, installed programs and data are preserved. With this installation you have nothing to worry about, because you will not lose any personal data. You will just replace the old operating system files with the new, upgraded files. However, keep in mind that after the upgrade the applications and drivers that are incompatible with the new OS will not work as expected.

Multi-boot Installation

Another option is to install multiple operating systems on a single computer. You can install each OS inside a different disk partition and this way every OS will have its own files and configuration settings. On multi-boot installations, the users see a menu when they open their computers and they have to select the desired OS. Of course, only one operating system can run at a time.

Virtualization

This is relative new technique that is often used on servers. With virtualization we can run numerous copies of an operating system on a single set of hardware and create this way several virtual machines. Every single virtual machine works like a separate computer. This technology makes a single physical hardware resource to appear like multiple logical resources.

Before starting any operating system installation you have to make sure that all the hardware is certified to work with the new operating system. Also confirm that the hardware resources meet the minimum installation requirements. Moreover, when you perform an upgrade it is a very good practice to perform a virus scan before starting the installation and a complete full backup of all your personal data.

One method that helps you protect your data is this: Create multiple partitions on the hard disk and install a different OS on each partition. Then copy all your data inside an empty partition that does not contain an OS. This way you can upgrade the operating system without the risk of losing any data. Backup and recovery of data files is also easier with this design.

It is also important to decide the type of file system to use. The file system controls how the OS stores and tracks the files. There are several different file systems available. The most well-known are: FAT 32, NTFS, HPFS, ext2 and ext3. Every operating system is designed to use one or more of these file systems. There are advantages and disadvantages on every file system. Careful consideration should be made to the type of file systems supported by the selected OS and the benefits of each.

You can find several programs to modify the partitioning structure and file system of a hard drive after installation, but it is better to avoid them if possible. When modifying either the file system or partition structure on a hard drive, data loss may result. Careful planning can help preserve the integrity of the data.